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GENTLEMEN  OF THE   PBESS

91

attend. India is a gigantic series of negatives, and this melancholy
fact is faithfully reflected in her press.

The greatest negative of all is that, with the exception of the
solid mass of the Muslims, there is no public opinion ; there is only
a heterogeneous mass of public opinions* which is a very different
thing. In a country which is a nation you can fifeel the public
pulse'—at least, in times of crisis ; it beats rhythmically; it can be
measured and assessed. In. India, the 'public pulse' is incalculable,
it is a series of conflicting flutters. Here is an extract from a
Government of India White Book which will illustrate the baffling
diversity of Indian political opinion, when compared with the
simple Tory, Liberal and Labour groups of Britain.1

NEWSPAPERS          CIRCULA-                   GENERAL HEMAKKS

Bombay Chronicle
Bharat

TION

18,000

5,000

Bombay Sevtincl         9,000

Exponent of official Congress Policy-
Very conservative. Pro Hindu Maha-
sabha (Right wing of Hindu Party).
Strongly Convmini&t, anti-British
and uniformly critical of official
Congress policy.

Independent India      3,000   Highly critical of present Congress

policy.    Pleads for India's partici-
pation in war.  Communist leanings.
Advocates the cause of Untouchables
A strong advocate of the cause of
Indian Stated subjects.
Deals with matters pertaining to the
Parsees.   Moderate.
Highly      communal.      Pro-Muslim
League.

Follows the Kesari School. Moderate.
Champion    of   Muslim   communal
rights.   A strong critic of Congress.
Advocates extremest political view,
do we find the 'Voice of India5 in this little
regarded as an unfair question, remember that

Janata
Janmabkuwi

Kom Sevak
Muslim Gujarati

Prabhat
Kozana-e-Khilafat

Where, precisely,
v batch ?   If that is

3,000
16.000

3,000
3,000

6,500
4.000

1 Guide to Prominent Newspapers and Periodicals in English and Indian Lan-
guages published in British India and the Indian States.'